Keynote Speech by The Chief Executive of The Islamic Republic of Afghanistan H.E. Dr. Abdullah Abdullah At the OECD Eurasia Week 2018

Keynote Speech by

The Chief Executive of The Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

H.E. Dr. Abdullah Abdullah

At the OECD Eurasia Week 2018

OECD Conference Center, Paris- Republic of France

21 November, 2018

بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِيْمِ


Excellencies, distinguished guests, ladies and gentlemen,


My delegation and I are delighted to be part of the OECD Eurasia Week which coincides with the 10th anniversary of OECD Eurasia Competitiveness Program. Our heartfelt thanks for the invitation and for the warm hospitality and excellent arrangements.


Allow me to focus on Afghanistan’s more recent efforts and achievements as part of our reform agenda with respect to economic development in general and private sector growth in particular.


The new Afghanistan Constitution adopted in 2004, not only ushered in a new era of democracy and civil rights, but also laid the ground work for a market economy. Our challenge from the start was to transition from a centralized state-owned economic system to one where the private sector can become the engine of growth, productivity, connectivity, job creation and revenue generation. We also agree that the private sector is a key driver in achieving the SDGs.


Since taking office as part of the Unity Government in late 2014, President Ghani and I have prioritized our economic reform agenda which places a special focus on private sector development, improving the business environment and expanding trade, especially exports.


The government’s efforts are producing promising results. The World Bank just recently recognized Afghanistan as a top reformer under the Doing Business Report 2019 among 190 world economies, as our ranking jumped from 183 to 167. Thanks to new land and air corridors our exports have increased by 40%, showing more dynamism from our private sector in opening new markets abroad. The economy is growing – and we want the growth rate to further increase in the coming years.


However, we still have a long way to go. There is significant room for urgent reform action, especially improving the enabling environment for our micro, small and medium businesses, supporting their ability to meet domestic demand in a more meaningful way while placing greater focus on expanding and diversifying our export baskets and markets. And there is the challenge of fighting corruption and the illicit economy.


Ladies and Gentlemen,

The private sector in Afghanistan has grown remarkably in size and scope compared with the early 2000s when the private sector structurally did not exist in a major way. It is now time to build on the achievements of the past years and put our focus on the sectors that can have the largest impact in terms of job creation, income generation and production for both domestic demand and foreign markets.


An essential component for reaching that goal is to turn our attention to small and micro businesses, which so far have not received sufficient attention but make up a big part of our private sector. Some of the key challenges of this sector include:

• Operation in the informal economy, which creates challenges for public service delivery to them, creating fewer employment and generating tax revenue from their business activities

• The delivery of essential services to small and micro businesses are rather costly in terms of time and money

• Limited access to finance, land, electricity, skilled labor, regional markets and certification are major barriers for the growth of these businesses

• Inability to adequately meet the domestic market demands

• Unnecessary compliance burdens imposed by the regulatory environment


Ladies and Gentlemen,

To overcome the challenges, the government has already started implementing reforms to improve the business climate, boost private sector development and grow the exports. We are also making sure that women entrepreneurs heads of households can benefit from the reforms and new policies.


Furthermore, for the first time ever, the government has created the Private Sector Development Executive Committee (PRISEC) as a high-level interagency mechanism that brings together the private sector, government and our international partners under a single umbrella.


Examples of our recent efforts to address the challenges that our business community faces include: Approving and implementing a National Export Strategy, National Trade Policy, reforms for the DBI and the development and implementation of a National Priority Program for Private Sector Development (NPP PSD), 2018-2023. It is worth mentioning that the NPP PSD is demand-driven, time-bound and budgeted. Furthermore, private sector development and business-to-business partnership development have been incorporated into our regional cooperation agenda under the Regional Economic Cooperation Conference on Afghanistan (RECCA) and the Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process (HoA-IP).


Ladies and Gentlemen,

Through an excellent collaborative effort with the OECD and strong support from the EU, we are boosting the private sector development and entrepreneurship polices in the country, specifically to provide an enabling environment for the growth of the micro, small and medium enterprises.


Three technical workshops have been held under this program and the outcome is a peer-reviewed set of recommendations identifying pressing barriers to businesses and proposing actions to address them on three specific dimensions: (1) business formalization, (2) access to finance, (3) digitalization of government services for businesses.


On behalf of the Afghanistan government, I welcome these recommendations. To achieve the solutions proposed in this peer-reviewed paper, the government is committed to taking the following concrete steps:

(1) Include the core recommendations into the National Priority Program for Private Sector Development

(2) Develop a long-term development framework specifically for Medium, Small and Micro enterprises

(3) Update our e-governance strategy. We have made good progress in the telecom and information technology sector and can now take those capabilities and connectivity to the field of service delivery.

(4) Give more urgency to tackling those barriers that currently limit access to finance for businesses

(5) Continue our efforts to improve our Doing Business ranking. In this year’s ranking, the World Bank recognized the reform actions Afghanistan implemented and gave it the coveted spot the top reformer.

(6) Improve public-private dialog through existing platforms such as PRISEC, Council of Ministers, Cabinet and other government mechanisms and also at a regional level through RECCA and HoA-IP.


Ladies and Gentlemen,

With a new generation of young reform-minded individuals in the government, we have a better opportunity and greater ability to be more effective in delivering on our economic reform promises, creating jobs, generating revenue and becoming more self-reliant.


Therefore, on behalf of the government of Afghanistan—and I believe tens of thousands of members of Afghanistan business community—I invite the EU and the OECD to seriously consider and, if possible, commit to a long-term technical partnership as a part of its Eurasia Initiative and other programs that will extend all the way to 2025 or 2030. Structural reforms of the nature recommended usually succeed when a long-term approach and strong political will are given.

Finally, as we head soon to the Geneva Ministerial on Afghanistan and review our overall commitments and benchmarks with the donor community, I thank every participant, stakeholders from the business community, the OECD, EU delegation, USAID, IFC/World Bank Group for their contribution and support to this work.

Thank you!